Ser emprendedor social en España: del vacío legal a la esperanza

Hacen falta ejemplos de que otra economía es posible, es real y lleva años conviviendo con nosotros. El emprendimiento social es una forma de hacer empresa más empática y consciente. Además de las ganancias económicas que reporta, tiene prácticas sociales o medioambientales que nos benefician a todos. Seguramente ya has oído hablar de ellas porque aunque hace años se trataban sólo de casos aislados, en los los últimos años ha crecido exponencialmente su número y las cifras económicas que manejan. También ha crecido la atención que prestan las distintas autoridades públicas a la economía social. Su posición dentro del Modelo Social Europeo va ganando reconocimiento cada año a pesar de que su figura aún no está reconocida en España. ¿Alguien entiende por qué?

No se trata de ilusos con la utópica idea de combinar una estructura empresarial con una actividad que beneficie al bien común. Su potencial se subestima a menudo pero la realidad estadística muestra que generan puestos de trabajo estables y una mayor resiliencia ante a la crisis que las que se ubican dentro de la economía general. Además de ello, dinamizan el resto de sectores ya que suelen ser iniciativas innovadoras que impulsan la inclusión social, las prácticas sostenibles y contribuyen a alcanzar los objetivos de la Estrategia Europa 2020.

De utopía a realidad: cifras de su impacto en Europa

La principal conclusión que puede extraerse de los últimos estudios realizados es que la economía social en Europa cada vez es más importante en términos humanos y económicos. Proporciona empleo remunerado a más de 14,5 millones de europeos, cerca del 6,5 % de la población ocupada de la Unión Europea y cerca del 7,4 % de la de los antiguos 15 Estados miembros. Y las cifras de empleabilidad son aun más reveladoras ya que en países como Suecia, Bélgica, Italia, Francia y los Países Bajos representa entre el 9 % y el 11,5 % de la población ocupada. Todas estas cifras subrayan el hecho de que se trata de una realidad que no deberíamos ignorar como sociedad ni como consumidores.

Si bien es verdad que la empresa social tiene un mayor recorrido en países como Estados Unidos o Chile, la empresa social no ha dejado de dar pasos también en Europa. Entre las modificaciones en las leyes existentes destacaríamos:

– La Ley de 2003 de Finlandia, Ley de 2004 de Lituania, Ley 118/2005 de Italia y Ley de 2011 de Eslovenia para empresas sociales

– La Ley de 2006 de Polonia y de Portugal para las cooperativas sociales.

– El Decreto 460/1997 de Italia las organizaciones no lucrativas de utilidad social

– Creación de la figura legal de la Community Interest Company (CIC), es decir, empresa de interés comunitario creada en Reino Unido.

Continua >>

Fuente: http://blog.lacolmenaquedicesi.es

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